A person who has sustained a human bite wound that has broken the skin will need a tetanus shot within 48 hours if it has been over 5 years since their last booster.
The three general types of human bite injuries that can lead to complications are:
- A closed-fist injury,
- A chomping injury to the finger, and
- A puncture-type wound to the head area caused by clashing with another person’s tooth.
- Apply firm, direct pressure with sterile gauze or clean cloth until bleeding stops. Wash the wound with mild soap and water for several minutes under running water.
- Pat the area dry and apply an antibiotic ointment to prevent infection
- Protect the wound from further accidental injury by applying a clean gauze or bandage.
- Change the dressing and continue to apply a fresh layer of antibiotic ointment at least twice a day.
- Monitor the area for signs of infection such as swelling, painful redness, or puss.
Call 911 if blood is spurting from the wound and cannot be stopped within 10 minutes because deeper bite wounds may require stitches. Tell the emergency health care provider if the person suffering a human bite to the hand has stiffness, numbness, or trouble moving fingers. These symptoms indicate potential damage to tendons or nerves.
- eMedicine.medscape.com: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/768978-overview
- WebMD: http://firstaid.webmd.com/human-bites-treatment
- Mayo Clinic: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-human-bites/FA00057