Scorpion stings require prompt care, especially if the victim is an infant or small child. Call 911 or get to an emergency room right away if the person displays severe sting reaction symptoms such as:
- muscle spasms or seizure
- rapid heartbeat, hyperventilation
- disorientation, widespread numbness, difficulty swallowing,
- blurred vision, roving eye movements,
- difficulty breathing, or chest pain.
Mild reactions to scorpion stings are normal, and typical symptoms include
- pain, swelling, and sensitivity at the sting site,
- numbness in the sting area,
- nausea, vomiting, and excessive salivation.
First aid for a scorpion sting begins by:
- Immediately rinsing the sting site thoroughly with cold water.
- Apply a local antihistamine, corticosteroid, analgesic, or ice to control pain.
- If one is available, take an oral antihistamine to slow the allergic reaction, and
- Get to a medical professional right away
The Food and Drug administration has recently approved a Bark Scorpion sting antidote that can be administered by health care professionals. The antidote, called Anascorp, is already widely used by many health care providers in the Southwestern United States, where Bark Scorpions are commonly found. A person stung by a Bark Scorpion should consider asking their health care provider about the antidote.
- Life123.com: http://www.life123.com/health/first-aid/bites-and-stings/scorpion-sting-first-aid.shtml
- eMedicineHealth.com: http://www.emedicinehealth.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=153139
- About.com First Aid: http://firstaid.about.com/od/bitesstings/ht/08_Scorpions.htm