Protect the wound from further accidental injury by applying a clean gauze or bandage.
Change the dressing and continue to apply a fresh layer of antibiotic ointment at least twice a day.
Monitor the area for signs of infection such as swelling, painful redness, or puss.
Call 911 if blood is spurting from the wound and cannot be stopped within 10 minutes because deeper bite wounds may require stitches. Tell the emergency health care provider if the person suffering a human bite to the hand has stiffness, numbness, or trouble moving fingers. These symptoms indicate potential damage to tendons or nerves.
If any of these symptoms are present, call 911 or emergency medical assistance immediately. Typical reactions are mild and include local itching, stinging, and swelling. These symptoms typically subside within 48 hours.
Brown Recluse Spider bites usually occur in bed or after putting on clothes. The bite is typically painless. Symptoms of a Brown Recluse Spider bite include:
A local stinging pain
Six to eight hours after being bitten, aching and itching develop at the site.
Within three days an ulcer may develop.
If left untreated, in two to five weeks the bite will produce a noticeable hole.
First aid for a brown recluse spider bite starts with
Cleaning the area around the wound with mild soap and water.
Apply an antibiotic ointment to the location of the bite.
Use ice to control swelling, and
Elevate the bite if it is located on a limb such as an arm or leg.
If you have been bitten by a Brown Recluse Spider, seek medical attention as soon as possible. Venom from an untreated brown recluse spider bite causes skin tissue to die which may result in scarring. Some bites have also caused kidney failure and death in small children. If you kill a spider that has bitten you, place the spider in a small jar, plastic bag, or other small container and bring it to your health care provider for identification.
Most animal bitescome from domestic pets; however, animal bites from non-immunized domestic pets and wild animals might transmit the rabies virus.
Rabies is a viral disease often transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal.
Rabies is more prevalent among wild animals such as bats, skunks, foxes and raccoons, and less commonly carried by dogs, cats, or rabbits.
First Aid for animal bites starts with evaluating the type of animal that initiated the bite, and the severity of the wound.
If you suspect the bite was caused by an animal that could potentially carry rabies, seek medical attention right away. Getting an immediate vaccination can prevent rabies from developing once the virus has been transmitted.
For severe animal bite wounds that have torn into, or deeply punctured the skin, try to stop the bleeding with a clean, dry cloth, and seek medical attention. You should also seek medical attention if the bite has punctured or torn the hand or fingers.
If the animal bite is mild, promptly wash the wound with a mild soap then rinse the area with water for 3 to 5 minutes. When finished, pat the area dry, apply an antibiotic ointment or cream, and cover the wound with a clean bandage.
Monitor the area surrounding the animal bite for signs of infection. Seek medical help if you notice an increase in redness or swelling as well as any oozing around the site.
People who have contracted rabies from a bat bite before, were often unaware they had been bitten in the first place. That is largely due to the fact that bat bites are small, so they often go unnoticed. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that anyone who sees a bat inside their home or tent, or comes into direct contact with a bat in any way, promptly discusses the situation with a health care professional.